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Gynecomastia Treatment

Gynecomastia is the over-enlargement of the breast tissue in men. It can be caused by unbalanced estrogen, testosterone and growth hormones in the body. Generally the condition is considered benign.

Both breasts can reach disproportionate sizes. Gynecomastia surgery aims to restore patient’s physical and mental health by getting rid of this condition.


Various reasons can cause unexpected events in the body. Both old and adolescent men can develop gynecomastia due to abnormal hormone levels. However there are other reasons that can cause gynecomastia.


Testosterone and estrogen are hormones that determine sex characteristics. Estrogen affects female characteristics such as breast enlargement while testosterone affects male characteristics such as body hair and muscle development. Gynecomastia in men is caused by a decrease in testosterone and an increase in estrogen.


Drugs and alcohol use are known to cause gynecomastia. Therefore, it is important to have a balanced diet and to quit or reduce harmful habits.


The contents of medications used in prostate, AIDS, anxiety, ulcer treatments and substances such as antidepressants, antibiotics, and chemotherapy drugs can cause gynecomastia in men.


Lavender and tea tree oil, which are found in soaps and lotions, can cause gynecomastia in men because they contain estrogenic substances.


Diseases such as kidney failure, liver failure, cirrhosis, hyperthyroidism, tumors or malnutrition cause decreases in testosterone levels and can trigger gynecomastia.


Gynecomastia usually shows itself as overgrowth and oversensitivity on either one or both of the breasts. There may be conditions such as discharge from the nipple, or a feeling of lump under the nipple. Sometimes pain is also observed. Because the symptoms have similarities with breast cancer, it is highly important to consult a specialist immediately. After careful examination and tests, the operation can be planned accordingly.


If gynecomastia doesn’t recover on its own it can severely dampen the spirit and life quality of the patient, along with causing serious pain and sensitivity. Treatment to gynecomastia can be medicinal or surgical.

There are two common surgery treatments for gynecomastia, liposuction or mastectomy. Promed Clinic experts decide which option to go with depending on the patient.

In liposuction, that is fat suction surgery, the surgeon only takes the breast fat, but leaves the mammary gland tissue. In mastectomy, the mammary gland tissue is completely removed by the surgeon. This surgery is usually performed using only small incisions.

Unfortunately exercise and diet is no substitute for gynecomastia surgery.  With them, some of the amount of fat accumulated in the breast tissue can be burnt off, but the condition cannot be completely eliminated. The growth in the breast tissue may not be due to fat alone.


Gynecomastia and breast cancer symptoms are similar. For example, in both cases, firmness, tenderness and discharge can be seen on the nipple. Therefore, physician control and treatment is essential.

Gynecomastia, which causes pain, sensitivity or psychological problems, is removed by surgery. The breast tissue is removed by a surgical procedure. The operation is completed smoothly by making small incisions. In these operations, if there is excess fat tissue along with the breast tissue, liposuction is also included.

Male breast enlargement seen in infancy and childhood resolves spontaneously. 85-90% of breast enlargements seen in adolescent boys can be overcome without treatment. The continuation of these cases in adulthood or male breast enlargement that begins in adulthood makes surgery necessary.

It is most common in men in adolescence or old age. Because its causes vary, it can be seen at different ages, including infancy.

It is generally a hormonal health problem. It is caused by an increase in the hormone estrogen. It can be seen for many different reasons. For example, some drugs used, harmful habits such as alcohol and substance use can cause gynecomastia. It can be triggered by certain diseases that lower testosterone levels.

Gynecomastia does not go away with sports. The growing breast tissue can only be destroyed by surgery. Male breast enlargements, which are seen with the deposition of adipose tissues in the breast area, can be dissolved with sports. Because this indicates false gynecomastia.

The softness of the growing breast tissue in men may be a complaint of fake gynecomastia. Pseudo gynecomastia can be seen if no firmness is observed in the nipple area, if weight is gained or lost, or if the muscles have melted due to the person's sports history.

Breast enlargement seen in men may be due to adipose tissues or breast tissues. In growths caused by gynecomastia, stiffness, swelling, tenderness and pain are felt in the lower part of the nipple. There may be discharge from the nipple.

Growths seen in people who gain weight due to fat storage are soft and may melt. Growths originating from fatty tissues are not gynecomastia.

It means more breast growth than it should be in men. It can be seen unilaterally or can occur in both breasts. Breast tissue growing for hormonal reasons can cause visual anxiety and panic in men.

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