Dental Implants

A dental implant is a treatment for obtaining a new tooth root by placing screws made of titanium into the dental bone. The implant method has taken the place of methods such as bridges and prostheses, which are frequently used for missing teeth, with the effect of developing technology.


WHAT IS IMPLANT TREATMENT?


Implant treatment; It is the process of placing screws made of titanium, developed for missing teeth, into the jawbone. Dental prostheses are placed on the implants placed in the jawbone. Since the implant acts as a tooth root, there is no need for any healthy tooth to be cut or deformed.


WHEN IS IMPLANT TREATMENT REQUIRED?


Apart from being able to treat one or more tooth loss with dental implants, it is also possible to provide treatment in cases where the person has lost all their teeth. In people who have lost all their teeth, eight implants are placed in one jaw and the necessary ground is prepared for a fixed prosthesis. The number of implants to be placed may vary from person to person.
However, dental implants can also be used to provide roots. 2 or 4 implants are placed in one jaw for people who have extensive bone loss and are afraid of advanced surgical procedures. Removable prostheses are made on these implants. The living standards of people are increased with prostheses that provide aesthetics and do not move during function.


HOW IS DENTAL IMPLANT SURGERY DONE?

1. Making the jawbone suitable for the implant
According to the preferred type of anesthesia, the mouth is anesthetized and the area where the implant will be placed is cleaned. If there is a tooth to be extracted, it will be extracted. An incision is made in the gum to expose the bone where the implant will be placed. In order to create a space for the implant that will act as a tooth root, a deep hole is made in the bone with a special drill and the implant is screwed there. The implant is covered with the incision made gingiva and 1-2 stitches are made.
2. The healing process of the bone
After the implant is placed in the jawbone, approximately 2-6 months is waited for the jawbone to grow and merge with the dental implant surface. This period is necessary for the formation of a solid foundation for the new artificial tooth.
3. Attaching the abutment to which the crown will be attached
In implant application, after the healing process of the bone is completed, an additional surgery may be required to place the abutment to which the crown will adhere.
The mouth is anesthetized and the gum is reopened to expose the dental implant.
The abutment is attached to the dental implant, covered with gingival tissue and sutured.
After the abutment is placed, approximately 2 weeks are waited for the gums to heal.
4. Tooth selection and mold creation
Once the gums heal, a series of appointments begin to make the new implant crown and mouth molds are taken for proper alignment to the mouth.
The crown is not placed until the jawbone is strong enough to support the use of new teeth.
Removable, fixed or artificial teeth consisting of a combination of both are decided.
a. removable artificial tooth
It can be partial or full denture, similar to traditional dentures. Contains artificial white teeth surrounded by pink plastic gum. It is mounted on a metal frame attached to the implant abutment and snaps securely into place. It can be easily removed for repair or daily cleaning.
b. Fixed artificial tooth
It is permanently screwed or bonded to a separate implant abutment. It cannot be removed for teeth cleaning or while sleeping. In general, each crown is attached to its own dental implant. In addition, because the implants are extremely strong, several teeth can be replaced with one implant by bridging together.
5. Implant use
The last step in the dental implant application is the fitting of the new crown. Sometimes, depending on which tooth is being restored, the dentist may perform rehearsals before the crown is complete to check its shape and fit in the mouth.
When the final decision is made, the artificial tooth is screwed or glued.
It is normal to develop some small bruises and swellings in the gums and soft tissues after the procedure is finished. A cold ice pack is placed over the skin over the surgical site immediately after treatment to help reduce swelling.

After Implant Treatment

Apart from the fact that one or more tooth loss can be treated with dental implants, it is possible to provide treatment by using dental implants in cases where the patient has lost all of his teeth. In a patient who has lost all their teeth, the necessary basis for a fixed prosthesis can be prepared by placing eight implants in a jaw. The number of implants to be placed may vary depending on the patient. However, dental implants can also be used to provide roots. In patients with extensive bone loss and who are afraid of advanced surgical procedures, 2 or 4 implants can be placed in one jaw and removable prostheses can be made on these implants. The life standards of the patient are increased with prostheses that provide aesthetics and also stay stable while functioning.

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