Breast Reduction

Breast reduction surgery; It is done in order to achieve symmetrical, erect and aesthetic breasts that look equal. People get a more dynamic and attractive appearance by getting rid of back, neck and shoulder pain caused by breasts that are larger than they should be.

WHAT IS BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY?

Breast reduction surgeries can be performed due to aesthetic concerns as well as some health problems in the body. A larger breast structure than it should be can cause shoulder, back, low back pain and humpback. In addition to medical problems, breast reduction operations can be performed in order not to find suitable clothes for disproportionate and large breasts.

WHAT ARE NOT ATTENTION TO BEFORE BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY?

pregnancy

Because postpartum breastfeeding can cause problems, people who are suspected of pregnancy or planning a pregnancy may need to delay the decision of surgery. Since the fat and skin tissues in the breast are removed with breast reduction surgery, there is no problem in pregnancy and breastfeeding when the postoperative recovery is completed.

Obesity

The decision of surgery may not be correct in obese people with very high body weights or in individuals who plan to lose weight. Obesity increases the risks of surgery and may prevent adequate success after surgery. Losing weight contributes to reducing breast size and the surgery plan may change. For this reason, it is more accurate to re-evaluate breast reduction after reaching the planned weight.

Chronic diseases

In people with chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, physician approval should be obtained before elective surgeries such as breast reduction.

Smoking and alcohol consumption

Since harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol affect wound healing negatively, they increase the risks after surgery.

HOW IS BREAST REDUCTION SURGERY PERFORMED?

Breast reduction surgery, which is performed by removing the fat tissue in the skin and breast, can be applied to individuals over the age of 18 who have completed their body development. Breast reduction surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgery is completed within 1 to 5 hours, depending on the size of the breast, using the lollipop incision and reverse T incision methods. In determining the method, parameters such as breast size, position of the nipple according to the breast fold, breast tissue, skin structure, distance between the nipple and shoulder and hip are taken into consideration. In the lollipop incision method, the circumference of the nipple is cut circularly and then the breast tissue and excess skin tissue are removed.

The skin is closed by taking care not to damage the milk ducts, then a drain is placed in the area to accelerate the healing and expel the accumulated blood in the breast, and the operation is completed.

In the reverse T incision method, an incision in the form of an inverted T letter is made in the lower part of the breast. After the excess breast tissue and skin are removed, the operation is terminated as in the lollipop type incision method. After breast reduction surgery, the person must stay in the hospital for one day. After the drain is removed and the dressing is done, the patient is discharged. After the operation, control is made at the end of the 1st and 2nd week. During the control in the 2nd week, the stitches are removed and special creams are used to reduce the scars. Thanks to the special bra, the patient can return to his daily life after 1 week of home rest. However, it is recommended to wear a special bra similar to a sports bra for 6 weeks. Mild stinging and tingling may be felt in the breasts for 6 to 12 months after the operation. However, this feeling does not reduce the quality of life of the person.

WHAT TO CONSIDER AFTER BREAST REDUCTION OPERATIONS?

It is recommended to rest for 3-7 days after breast reduction operations. After the operation, sports bras that prevent the pressure of the breasts should be used. The correct use of antibiotics and drugs given by the physician after the surgery accelerates the healing process and prevents possible pain. Having the dressing days done at the specified times reduces the risk of infection and speeds up the recovery time. It is recommended not to lift heavy loads and not to do heavy work for 1 month after the operation.

After breast surgery, the area may appear edematous and swollen. This situation starts to decrease within 3-4 weeks. It takes 1 year for the breasts to fully reach their new appearance. Since smoking and alcohol use play a negative role in cell regeneration, it is recommended to limit smoking and alcohol use for 1 month after the application.

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