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Breast Reduction

Breast reduction surgery; It is done in order to achieve symmetrical, erect and aesthetic breasts that look equal. People get a more dynamic and attractive appearance by getting rid of back, neck and shoulder pain caused by breasts that are larger than they should be.


Breast reduction surgeries can be performed due to aesthetic concerns as well as some health problems in the body. A larger breast structure than it should be can cause shoulder, back, low back pain and humpback. In addition to medical problems, breast reduction operations can be performed in order not to find suitable clothes for disproportionate and large breasts.



Because postpartum breastfeeding can cause problems, people who are suspected of pregnancy or planning a pregnancy may need to delay the decision of surgery. Since the fat and skin tissues in the breast are removed with breast reduction surgery, there is no problem in pregnancy and breastfeeding when the postoperative recovery is completed.


The decision of surgery may not be correct in obese people with very high body weights or in individuals who plan to lose weight. Obesity increases the risks of surgery and may prevent adequate success after surgery. Losing weight contributes to reducing breast size and the surgery plan may change. For this reason, it is more accurate to re-evaluate breast reduction after reaching the planned weight.

Chronic diseases

In people with chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, physician approval should be obtained before elective surgeries such as breast reduction.

Smoking and alcohol consumption

Since harmful habits such as smoking and alcohol affect wound healing negatively, they increase the risks after surgery.


Breast reduction surgery, which is performed by removing the fat tissue in the skin and breast, can be applied to individuals over the age of 18 who have completed their body development. Breast reduction surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgery is completed within 1 to 5 hours, depending on the size of the breast, using the lollipop incision and reverse T incision methods. In determining the method, parameters such as breast size, position of the nipple according to the breast fold, breast tissue, skin structure, distance between the nipple and shoulder and hip are taken into consideration. In the lollipop incision method, the circumference of the nipple is cut circularly and then the breast tissue and excess skin tissue are removed.

The skin is closed by taking care not to damage the milk ducts, then a drain is placed in the area to accelerate the healing and expel the accumulated blood in the breast, and the operation is completed.

In the reverse T incision method, an incision in the form of an inverted T letter is made in the lower part of the breast. After the excess breast tissue and skin are removed, the operation is terminated as in the lollipop type incision method. After breast reduction surgery, the person must stay in the hospital for one day. After the drain is removed and the dressing is done, the patient is discharged. After the operation, control is made at the end of the 1st and 2nd week. During the control in the 2nd week, the stitches are removed and special creams are used to reduce the scars. Thanks to the special bra, the patient can return to his daily life after 1 week of home rest. However, it is recommended to wear a special bra similar to a sports bra for 6 weeks. Mild stinging and tingling may be felt in the breasts for 6 to 12 months after the operation. However, this feeling does not reduce the quality of life of the person.


It is recommended to rest for 3-7 days after breast reduction operations. After the operation, sports bras that prevent the pressure of the breasts should be used. The correct use of antibiotics and drugs given by the physician after the surgery accelerates the healing process and prevents possible pain. Having the dressing days done at the specified times reduces the risk of infection and speeds up the recovery time. It is recommended not to lift heavy loads and not to do heavy work for 1 month after the operation.

After breast surgery, the area may appear edematous and swollen. This situation starts to decrease within 3-4 weeks. It takes 1 year for the breasts to fully reach their new appearance. Since smoking and alcohol use play a negative role in cell regeneration, it is recommended to limit smoking and alcohol use for 1 month after the application.


Gynecomastia and breast cancer symptoms are similar. For example, in both cases, firmness, tenderness and discharge can be seen on the nipple. Therefore, physician control and treatment is essential.

Gynecomastia, which causes pain, sensitivity or psychological problems, is removed by surgery. The breast tissue is removed by a surgical procedure. The operation is completed smoothly by making small incisions. In these operations, if there is excess fat tissue along with the breast tissue, liposuction is also included.

Male breast enlargement seen in infancy and childhood resolves spontaneously. 85-90% of breast enlargements seen in adolescent boys can be overcome without treatment. The continuation of these cases in adulthood or male breast enlargement that begins in adulthood makes surgery necessary.

It is most common in men in adolescence or old age. Because its causes vary, it can be seen at different ages, including infancy.

It is generally a hormonal health problem. It is caused by an increase in the hormone estrogen. It can be seen for many different reasons. For example, some drugs used, harmful habits such as alcohol and substance use can cause gynecomastia. It can be triggered by certain diseases that lower testosterone levels.

Gynecomastia does not go away with sports. The growing breast tissue can only be destroyed by surgery. Male breast enlargements, which are seen with the deposition of adipose tissues in the breast area, can be dissolved with sports. Because this indicates false gynecomastia.

The softness of the growing breast tissue in men may be a complaint of fake gynecomastia. Pseudo gynecomastia can be seen if no firmness is observed in the nipple area, if weight is gained or lost, or if the muscles have melted due to the person's sports history.

Breast enlargement seen in men may be due to adipose tissues or breast tissues. In growths caused by gynecomastia, stiffness, swelling, tenderness and pain are felt in the lower part of the nipple. There may be discharge from the nipple.

Growths seen in people who gain weight due to fat storage are soft and may melt. Growths originating from fatty tissues are not gynecomastia.

It means more breast growth than it should be in men. It can be seen unilaterally or can occur in both breasts. Breast tissue growing for hormonal reasons can cause visual anxiety and panic in men.

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